3 – 6 Months

3 - 6 Months

This is a guide to how children develop speech and language between 3 and 6 months.

Phonology Development

  • Babbling begins
            * Double syllables – VCV, aga
            * Puts lips together – says “m”
            * Nasal tone is heard
  • Vocalizes pleasure and displeasure
  • Stops vocalizing when adult enters
  • Self-initiated vocal play
  • Coos, chuckles, gurgles and laughs
  • Babbles to self, others, and objects
  • Babbling show pitch and inflection change
  • Vocally expresses eagerness

Semantics Development Chart

  • Anticipates feeding upon sight of bottle
  • Watches or closely attends to movement patterns
  • Smiles on sight of face
  • Recognizes spoon or bottle
  • Laughs when playing with objects

Play Development Chart

  • Raises head and chest when prone
  • Puts objects in mouth
  • Watches hands
  • Plays actively when propped in play area 10-15 minutes
  • Looks intently at and shakes rattle
  • On visual cue, free hand comes towards but doesn’t grasp rattle.
  • Pays attention to cube on table
  • May detect a tiny pellet
  • Generally inspects surroundings
  • Smiles, fingers mirror image
  • Increases activity at sight of toy
  • Words for toy out of reach
  • Exploitative in string play
  • Head control established in midline
  • Bangs with object held in hand
  • Transfers object form one hand to another
  • Rolls over – both ways

Syntax – Morphology Development Chart

Note : Due to the highly variable nature of syntactic and morphological development and due to the lack of sufficient research in the area, the age levels listed are approximations of when certain forms and constructions may appear


Pragmatics Development Chart

  • Fixes gaze on face
  • Responds to name by looking for voice source (4-8 months)
  • Regularly localizes sound source/speaker
  • Occasionally vocalizes in response to speech