6 – 9 Months

6 - 9 Months

This is a guide to how children develop speech and language between 6 and 9 months.

Phonology Development

  • Uses m, n, t, d, b, p, y in babbling multiple syllables
  • Babbles tunefully – singing tones
  • Uses wide variety of sound combinations including non-English sounds
  • Inflected vocal play – intonation patterns heard
  • Imitates intonation and speech sounds in his/her own repertoire
  • Re-duplicative babbling begins – bababa

Semantics Development Chart

  • Attempts to imitate gross gestures
  • Comprehends parental gestures
  • Looks at some common objects when names are spoken
  • Comprehends “no” – inhibits on command
  • Interest in pictures maintained for full minute while they are name
  • Searches for partially hidden object (4-8 months)
  • Bangs objects together
  • Performs many actions on objects – shakes, tears, slides, mouths, rubs
  • Sight of object or person produces gross gesture (emerging nomination)
  • Imitates ringing of bell

Play Development Chart

  • Grasps dangling objects
  • Explores toy with fingers and mouth
  • Hitching present
  • Will bounce when supported in standing position
  • Sits without support
  • Uses pincer grasp to pick up small object
  • Drinks form cup
  • Eyes and hands function in close interaction
  • Imitates arm movements
  • Bangs spoon on table
  • Pull self to standing position
  • Craws – on belly

Syntax – Morphology Development Chart

Note : Due to the highly variable nature of syntactic and morphological development and due to the lack of sufficient research in the area, the age levels listed are approximations of when certain forms and constructions may appear


Pragmatics Development Chart

  • Initiates vocalizing to another person
  • Enjoys being played with (4-8 months)
  • Different vocalizations for different states: anger, contentment, hunger (4-8 months)
  • Recognizes familiar people
  • Cries when parent leaves room (9 months)
  • Imitates familiar sound and actions

Syntax – Morphology Development Chart

Note : Due to the highly variable nature of syntactic and morphological development and due to the lack of sufficient research in the area, the age levels listed are approximations of when certain forms and constructions may appear


Pragmatics Development Chart

  • Briefly looks at people
  • Follows moving person with eyes
  • Quiets in response to sound (responds more readily to speech than non-speech sounds
  • Smiles/coos in responses to another smile/voice (1-4 months)
  • Excites when caregiver approaches (1-4 months)
  • Aware of strangers and unfamiliar situations (1-4 months)
  • Cries differently when tired, hungry, in pain (1-4 months)
  • Quiets when picked up