What is Grammar?
When we talk about helping children who have speech and language delays with grammar, we are talking about all of those little words and word parts that help us make complete sentences. Without grammar, our sentences would sound choppy or telegraphic. For example, instead of saying “Johnny and I want to play with the ball”, we would just say “Johnny..I…want…play…ball”. The main point of the message is there but it doesn’t flow the way it should.
Children with language delays often have difficulty with pronouns. Here is information about when pronouns are typically found in children’s speech. Keep in mind that these are rough estimates and every child is different. Is your child varies from this slightly, there is no need to be alarmed. However, if the child varies significantly, he or she may require some extra help with pronouns.
|12-26 mos||I, it|
|27-30 mos||my, me, mine, you|
|31-34 mos||your, she, he, yours, we|
|35-40 mos||they, us, hers, his, them, her|
|41-46 mos||its, our, him, myself, yourself, ours, their, theirs|
|47+ mos||herself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves|
Grammatical morphemes are markers that change the meaning of a word. For example, the plural “-s” can be added to a word to indicate that there is more than one of it, such as “bug” to “bugs”. These markers can be word endings (like “-ing”), small words (like “is”), or they can change the word all together, like irregular past tense (like swim to swam). Here are a list of the grammatical morphemes and when they should be mastered by. Again, these are rough estimates so don’t panic if your child is just a bit off.
|19-28 mos||Present Progressive “-ing” (ex: swimming)|
|29-38 mos||Regular Plural “-s” (ex: bags)
Possessive’s (Molly’s baby)
Present Tense Auxiliaries (helping verbs like: can, will, be, do)
|43-46 mos||Regular Past Tense “-ed” (jumped)
Irregular Past Tense (ran, swam)
Regular third-person-singular, present tense (he drinks, she eats)
Articles (a, the)
|47-50 mos||Auxiliaries and copulas in all tenses (helping verbs like “is”, “will”, “does”)
Irregular Third Person Regular Singular (She has it)
Past Tense “be” verb (He was dancing)
Ages and Stages
Here is a guide to how children develop speech and language between 0 and 12 months.
Check the progress of your child’s speech and language development upto three years